Kulayishwa Ulawulo

Ukongamela ukulayishwa kwesikhongozeli

Bayanda abathumeli kunye nabathengi bacela abathumeli ukuba bathumele abahloli ukuba babeke iliso kwinkqubo yokulayisha kwindawo, ejolise ekongameleni ukulayisha, kwaye ngaloo ndlela bathintele umonakalo kunye nelahleko yempahla.Ukongeza, abanye abathumeli bafuna ukwahlula ibhetshi yomthwalo kwizikhongozeli ezininzi ezahlukeneyo kwaye bayithumele kubathumeli abahlukeneyo abahlukeneyo, ngoko ke umthwalo kufuneka ulayishwe ngokwemiyalelo, kwaye uhlolo lokulayisha lwenziwa ukunqanda iimpazamo.Ndiqokelele ulwazi oluphangaleleyo malunga nokulayisha iliso ukuze ndibelane nawe.

Okokuqala, masiqonde inkcazo yolawulo lokulayishwa kwesikhongozeli.Ukongamela ukulayishwa komgqomo kubhekiselele kwinyathelo lokugqibela lokujongwa kwempahla kwinkqubo yokwenziwa kwempahla.Abahloli abavela kumzi-mveliso okanye umntu wesithathu bahlola ukupakishwa kunye nokulayisha kwisiza xa iimpahla zipakishwe kwindawo yokugcina impahla yomenzi okanye kwindawo yenkampani ethumela imithwalo.Ngethuba lokubeka iliso lokulayisha, abahloli baya kubeka esweni ukuphunyezwa kwayo yonke inkqubo yokulayisha.Ukongamela ukulayishwa komgqomo kukunceda ukuba uqinisekise ukuhanjiswa kweemveliso ezichanekileyo kunye nezixa zazo phambi kwentlawulo.

Le miba ilandelayo ibandakanyeka kulawulo lokulayishwa kwesikhongozeli

◆ Jonga ubungakanani kunye nephakheji yangaphandle yeemveliso;
◆ Jonga umgangatho wemveliso ngokuhlolwa kwesampulu engaqhelekanga;
◆ Izikhongozeli zokutywina kunye nokutywinwa kweNombolo yerekhodi ukuthintela iimveliso ekutshintshweni kuzo kuthutho;
◆ Ukubeka iliso kwinkqubo yokulayisha ukunciphisa umonakalo kunye nelahleko kunye nokwandisa ukusetyenziswa kwendawo;
◆ Rekhoda iimeko zokulayisha, kubandakanywa imozulu, ixesha lokufika kweekhonteyina, iNombolo yesikhongozeli, ipleyiti yelayisensi yeelori, kunye njl.

Izibonelelo zokongamela ukulayishwa kwesikhongozeli

1.Qinisekisa ukuba ubungakanani bempahla buchanekile;
2.Qinisekisa ukuba indawo yesikhongozeli ikulungele ukuthuthwa, kuquka ukufuma kunye nevumba;
3.Khangela ukupakishwa kunye neemeko zokulayishwa kwempahla ukunciphisa umonakalo kwimpahla ebangelwa ukupakisha okungafanelekanga okanye ukupakisha ngexesha lokuthutha;
4.Jonga ngokungakhethiyo umgangatho wempahla kwiibhokisi zokupakisha;
5.Ukwandisa ukusetyenziswa kwendawo kwaye wonge iindleko;
6.Thintela umzi-mveliso okanye umthumeli wempahla ekutshintsheni imveliso phakathi.
Ukuhlolwa kwe-EC kunokubonelela ngenkonzo yokulawula ukulayisha kubathengisi kunye nabahloli babo ukuphelisa iinkxalabo zabarhwebi.Inkxaso yobugcisa obuqinileyo kunye namaqela olawulo lobuchwephesha aya kukhapha inkqubo yakho yokuhlola.

Kulayishwa Inkqubo yokuLawula

Ngaphambi kokulayisha
1.Phuhlisa isicwangciso sokulayishwa kwesikhongozeli ngokuhambelana namava ethu obugcisa kumthamo wezikhongozeli, uhlobo kunye nobuninzi beempahla eziza kulayishwa kwisitya ngasinye, uhlobo lwempahla efana nomthamo (ukuba akukho datha ekhoyo, kufuneka uyilinganise) , ubunzima, ukuxhathisa uxinzelelo, nokuba i-fragile.
Qaphela: Xa siphuhlisa isicwangciso sokulayisha, kufuneka sithathele ingqalelo ibhalansi yezikhongozeli (ubunzima bufanele bube ne-avareji) kukhuseleko lwabaqhubi endleleni.Kungcono ukubeka iimpahla ezilula ukugqithisa ukuhlolwa kwamasiko kufuphi nomnyango wezingxobo, ukunciphisa inkathazo engeyomfuneko.

2.Jonga ukuba iimpahla zilungiswe ngokupheleleyo na:Qinisekisa kunye nomthengi ukuba zeziphi iimpahla ezilungiswe ngokupheleleyo kwaye zeziphi iimpahla ezilungiswayo, kwaye ulandele iimpahla ezingekalungi nangaliphi na ixesha.Kufuneka kufundwe isifundo.Ukuba kukho impahla elahlekileyo, ukulayishwa kwesikhongozeli akunakuqhutywa, kodwa kunqunyanyiswe okwethutyana.

3.Lungiselela iifomu ezinxulumeneyo kunye namaxwebhu kwaye uphathe izixhobo kunye namaxwebhu:isicwangciso sokulayishwa kwesikhongozeli, uluhlu lokulayishwa kwesikhongozeli, kunye noluhlu lobunzima besikhongozeli, ngesiNgesi okanye ngesiTshayina okanye zombini kunye nefomathi echanekileyo, esetyenziselwa isibhengezo sezithethe;Ukulayisha iphepha lerekhodi elineekopi ezaneleyo kunye nobude obufanelekileyo;ikhamera okanye ifowuni ephathwayo enebhetri etshajwayo ngokupheleleyo, irula enomthamo owaneleyo, ipeni, imitha;Ukulungiswa kokhuselo lwelanga/ukukhusela imvula (isikhuseli elangeni, umnqwazi, iimpahla ezinemikhono emide ezikhethwa ukuba mnyama kwaye zikwazi ukumelana namabala).

4.Cwangcisa isicwangciso sokulayisha isikhongozeli kwangethuba:Kufuneka sibe noxanduva kubo bonke abathengi bethu, ngokuqinisekisa izinto zokubhukisha ngenxa yamava ethu omsebenzi wobuchwephesha kunye nomthengi kwangaphambili, ukubhukisha indawo yempahla kunye nenkampani yokuthumela kwangaphambili, ukutyhala i-SO ukuba yamkelwe ngokukhawuleza, ukuhlela iitreyila kunye ubunzima bempahla kwisikhongozeli ngasinye, kunye neenkcukacha eziqinisekisayo malunga neelori ezinkulu okanye ezincinci zamahashe zilungelelaniswe, xa iilori zifika, ngeliphi ixesha lokuqalisa ukulayisha, kwaye zingaphi iintsuku eziyimfuneko ukugqiba ukulayisha, kwaye zingaphi izikhongozeli ezinokulayishwa yonke imihla.

5.Isimo sengqondo, imo kunye noqikelelo lwemozulu:qinisekisa ukuba imozulu ngomhla wokulayisha ifanelekile, kwaye uthathe amanyathelo okuthintela ahambelanayo.

Inkqubo yokulayisha isikhongozeli

1. Namathisela ukubaluleka kwilori yokuqala!
Thatha ilori yokuqala njengomboniso.Rekhoda inkqubo yokulayisha, kwaye ulungiselele isicwangciso esitsha sokulayishwa kunye nohlengahlengiso ngokweemeko zangempela zokulayisha (ifoto ingaba yimfuneko) ngesiseko sesicwangciso sokuqala sokulayisha;

2. Imisebenzi yoshicilelo---qaphela kwaye uqaphele:
① Phambi kokulayisha, ziqhelanise neentlobo ezilayishiweyo kunye nezixa zempahla, kunye nesicwangciso sokulayisha sesikhongozeli ngasinye;
② Phambi kokulayisha, jonga iindawo zokupakisha kunye nezixa zempahla, kwaye uqhagamshelane nendawo yokugcina iimpahla ukulungiselela kwaye unikeze kwangexesha zonke iimpahla eziphosiweyo, ukuba zikhona;
③ Intsebenziswano yabashicileli: Omnye umshicileli ume kwilori, ekhokela isikhongozeli sokulayisha (indawo yokupakisha impahla, ukuphatha kancinci, akunyathelwa, njl.njl.), kwaye uxelele umqhubi weforklift ukuba yeyiphi impahla elandelayo;kunye nenye irekhoda ime emhlabeni, ikhokela umqhubi weforklift ukuba alayishe iimpahla!
④ Umshicileli kufuneka ajonge iintlobo kunye nezixa zazo zempahla, phambi kokuba isikhongozeli silayishwe;
⑤ Rekhoda ngokucacileyo idatha ngokubhala ngesandla okucacileyo ukuququzelela izibalo ezilula (ukwahluka kunye nobuninzi);
⑥ Ukusukela ekuqaleni ukuya ekupheleni kokulayishwa kwesikhongozeli, abashicileli kufuneka balandele imoto kuyo yonke le nkqubo, kodwa bangatshintshi ngokuthanda, okanye bawunqumamise umsebenzi werekhodi nangaliphi na ixesha -- Qonda hayi isiqalo esihle kuphela kodwa nesiphelo esihle!
⑦ Thatha iifoto: Kungcono ukuthatha iifoto ngokuqhubekayo xa kulayishwa isikhongozeli (ukuze iifoto zikhethwe kamva), kwaye uqiniseke ukuba urekhoda ngokucacileyo ---- ipleyiti yelayisensi No., isikhongozeli No., isitshixo selori Hayi ., kunye nenkqubo yokulayisha (xa iingcango zesikhongozelo zivuliwe, zivulekile, kwaye zivaliwe);
⑧ Rekhoda ngokucacileyo iintlobo kunye nezixa zazo zeempahla ezikwisikhongozeli, ukubona ukuba iindidi ziphelele na kwaye izixa zanele;
⑨ Gcwalisa uxwebhu lokurekhoda ngezi zinto zilandelayo: Inombolo yesikhongozelo, inombolo yepleyiti yelayisenisi (kungcono ibe zimbini, ezingaphambili nezingasemva), inombolo yesitshixo selori, ixesha lokugqiba ukulayishwa kwesikhongozeli, ixesha lokuhamba kwelori, kunye nenombolo yomnxeba yomqhubi;
⑩ Thelekisa umyalelo osuka kumqhubi ukuya kulwazi olushicilelwe ngabarekhodi (izinto ezikhankanywe ngasentla).

3. Izinto ezikhawulezileyo:
① Ngaphambi nangexesha lokulayisha, nxibelelana kwangexesha kunye nomthengi ukuze aqonde iimpahla ezingalayishwanga, kwaye kwangexesha ukhuthaze inkqubo yokulayisha ukuze kuthintelwe ukulibaziseka kokuhanjiswa okanye iindleko ngenxa yentlawulo yasebusuku;
② Khokela umqhubi weforklift ukuba afake iimpahla ngefolokhwe xa elayisha isikhongozeli (xelela umqhubi weforklift ukuba sesiphi isikhongozeli/ ilori kwaye zeziphi iimpahla ekufuneka zilayishiwe);
③ Umshicileli ubhala phantsi isikhongozeli ngasinye kwaye unoxanduva lokufaka iinombolo kwilori/isikhongozeli ngasinye.

Emva kokulayisha

1. Hlela iifoto:
Bonisa ulandelelwano lwabo ngokucacileyo.Iifoto kufuneka zichaneke kwaye zinokujongwa kunye ne-waybill.

2. Uluhlu lwesikhongozelo -- Amaxwebhu esibhengezo seCustoms:
① Jonga ukulayisha amaphepha erekhodi ngokuphindaphindiweyo: ubuninzi kunye nokwahluka;
② ifomathi echanekileyo: ilula, icacile kwaye kulula ukuyiqonda;
③ Imixholo: Iintlobo ngeentlobo kunye nezixa zazo zeempahla kunye nomyinge opheleleyo wempahla kwisikhongozeli ngasinye;Isixa esipheleleyo soluhlu ngalunye lweempahla kuzo zonke izikhongozeli;

3. Uluhlu lobunzima bomgqomo -- Amaxwebhu esibhengezo seCustoms:
① Ifomathi echanekileyo: ilula, icacile kwaye kulula ukuyiqonda---- Yenze emva kokucinga;
② Gcwalisa iziqulatho kuluhlu ngononophelo kuluhlu lwesikhongozeli;
③ Imixholo:Ubunzima bubonke bempahla kwisikhongozeli ngasinye;Ubunzima * ubungakanani ngokweentlobo zeempahla kwisikhongozeli ngasinye.

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